What are veterinarians? They are medically inclined professionals who look after your animal’s well-being and health. They treat, help prevent injury and diseases and provide diagnosis. Vets also immunize animals to protect them against diseases and certify animals that are to be slaughtered. Apart from that, they can also fix broken bones, perform surgery, recommend exercise routines and diets and prescribe the best medication to make sure that your beloved animals are healthy and well. Most vets focus on horses, livestock, horses and small animals while others concentrate on special interests like medicine, dentistry and surgery. It’s also part of their job and responsibility to inspect meat products to be utilized as food.
5 Types of Veterinarians
- Companion Animal Veterinarian: They basically work in private hospitals and clinics to treat pets. According to American Veterinary Medical Association, over 75% of veterinarians working in private clinics treat pets such as dogs and cats, but also provide treatment to other pets like rabbits, birds and ferrets. They diagnose and provide diagnoses for animals who suffer health problems. If you have pets, you can consult your vet for preventative health care. They carry out surgical and medical procedures such as setting fractures, dental work and vaccinations.
- Equine Veterinarians: These vets work solely with horses. In 2012, 6% of private practices vets treated and diagnosed horses.
- Food Animal Veterinarian: These types of vets specialize in farm animals like cattle, sheep and pugs. In 2012, 8% of private practice vets treated food animals and spent more time in ranches and farms to treat injuries and illnesses. They advise managers or owners about proper housing, general health practices and feeding.
- Food Inspection and Safety Veterinarians: They test and inspect animal products and livestock for possible major diseases and provide vaccines to enhance welfare and treat them. Furthermore, they also administer and conduct animal and public health programs for control and prevention of diseases transmissible to animals and people.
- Research Veterinarians: They work in laboratories and conduct clinical research in animal and human health problems. They also perform various tests on animals for them to identify the possible effects of drug therapies or even test new surgical techniques. Research vets also study and look for ways on how to control, prevent and eliminate food and animal borne diseases and illnesses.
Prospective vets need to work during holidays, at night and weekend and the said work can be strenuous or monotonous in numerous cases such as long hours at the surgery table. Numerous private practitioners work for 40 hours a week and schedules usually involve traveling to remote and far cattle ranches and farms. When it comes to the salary of median vets, it’s around $66,590 annually. For salaried veterinarians, benefits include health insurance, pension plans, paid vacations and holidays. There are some veterinarians who are employed by pharmaceutical companies to develop vaccines and drugs for animals and for federal government space program. Schools and universities also employ them as teaching faculty or research fellow in studies like man-animal disease transmission.
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